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LOTUS Micro-CT laboratory offers 3D imaging with 2 high resolution X-ray tomography imaging systems (LOTUS-NDT & LOTUS-inVivo). The lab offers deep insight into 3D structures within materials.

Specimens ranging from sub-mm to several cm in size can be imaged, with resolutions from sub-micron to tens of microns. The application areas range from materials science and electronics, through medicine and biology to geology, archaeology and oil reservoir rocks analysis.

for being updated about Micro-CT applications, visit the following page:

Also, LOTUS Micro-CT laboratory provides quantitative and accurate analyses in every field of study from dental and bone studies, through pre-clinical and life sciences to geology and digital rock analysis. Parameters like porosity, permeability, pore-size distribution, effective porosity, 3D pore network models, bone mineral density, tooth root canal fracture sizes can be calculated in analysis services for our customers.

for detailed information about X-ray Micro-CT scanners, visit the following page:

all kinds can be imaged. The sample size can be up to 100 mm in diameter, with the resulting image resolution being proportional to the sample size. Typical scan time per sample is 2 hours, but depends on the required image quality and sample size. The scan time is usually in the range of 10 minutes to 240 minutes.

For requesting an imaging task, please fill the form in the following page:

Also, LOTUS Micro-CT laboratory provides free Micro-CT sample dataset to those who need it. For this regard, please Contact Us.

Equipment Specifications:

Maximum Object Size:

LOTUS-NDT: The diameter of objects to be scanned must not exceed 2 inch. the length of object must not exceed 120 mm.

LOTUS-inVivo: The diameter of objects to be scanned must not exceed 80 mm. the length of object must not exceed 120 mm.


LOTUS-NDT: 3 µm nominal / 1 µm smallest pixel size.

LOTUS-inVivo: 30 µm nominal / 10 µm smallest pixel size.

Scan Time:

All LOTUS systems adjust the source to camera distance to minimize scan time for each selected magnification (1-240 minutes, depending on resolution and pixels used)

X-ray Source:

LOTUS-NDT: Sealed micro-focus X-ray tube, air-cooled, < 5 µm spot size @40 W, Wide range kVp, 0-600 µA

LOTUS-inVivo: Sealed micro-focus X-ray tube, air-cooled, < 5 µm spot size @8 W, 45-90 kV, 0-200 µA

X-ray Detector:

3 MP 16-bit digital camera.

Host And Reconstruction Computer:

LOTUS Workstation with 16 Cores AMD Ryzen CPU, NVIDIA Geforce 4 GB GPU, 128 GB RAM

Multi-Threaded and Parallel GPU-based Available.

Reconstruction Algorithms:

Convolution with filtered back-projection for cone-beam (Feldkamp)

The following services can be provided in this laboratory:

  • Level I Preparation: Including core and rock plugs preparation and cutting (micro- plugging) for Micro-CT scanning
  • Level II Preparation: Including preparation with special materials and storage of specific and sensitive samples for Micro-CT scanning
  • Level III Preparation: Including preparation and storage of general and non-sensitive samples for Micro-CT scanning
  • Scan I: 3D imaging (scanning) of industrial and non-biological samples with micro-CT imaging system (LOTUS-NDT)
  • Scan II: 3D imaging (scanning) of biological and medical samples with micro-CT imaging system (LOTUS-NDT)
  • Level I Display: 3D Rendering services and SR and VR display of low contrast data obtained from Micro-CT scanning (3D modelling) : Providing demo videos with sample images
  • Level II Display: 3D Rendering services and SR and VR display of high contrast data obtained from Micro-CT scanning (3D modelling) : Providing demo videos
  • Level I Analysis: Computer modeling and analysis of level I Micro-CT data
  • Level II Analysis: Computer modeling and analysis of level II Micro-CT data
  • Level III Analysis: Computer modeling and analysis of level III Micro-CT data
  • Storage I: Storage of images and micro-CT output analyzes in the cloud system (at least three months)
  • Storage II: Storage of raw micro CT data in the cloud system (at least six months)
  • Quantitative Analysis of Synthetic Materials:

    Synthetic materials can be fabricated for any purposes in every fields. For example scaffolds with properties similar to trabecular bone are samples of synthesized materials for biological purposes.

    LOTUS Micro-CT systems can be used to quantify parameters like porosity of scaffolds or mineralized matrix formations by high resolution 3D imaging and applying different image processing algorithms.

    LOTUS Micro-CT chain starts with acquisition of very precise projections, continues with 3D fast and robust reconstruction, 2D and 3D visualization, processing and measurements and ends with enabling users/operators to analyze their samples with a friendly user interface (UI).

    Thus, the internal structure and micropores of any biological or non-biological materials like scaffolds seeded with rat calvarial (Cal) or marrow stromal (Str) cells can be analyzed, both quantitatively and qualitatively( i.e. visually), by utilizing LOTUS X-ray microtomography scanners.

    Micro-CT imaging should be a non-separable activity for quality control and quantitative assessment of any synthesized materials, especially biological implants or scaffold which are embedded in human bodies.

    In addition to LOTUS scanners sales, LOTUS Micro-CT lab provides 3D imaging and analysis services worldwide with very low prices with providing results very fast.

  • Bone Mineral Density Analysis:

    Bone mineral density (BMD, mg/cm3) is an important measure in the evaluation of osteoporosis. LOTUS-inVivo and LOTUS-inVitro Micro-CT systems provide a non-destructive way of measuring bone mineral density in Pre-clinical studies.

  • Digital Rock Analysis:

    Micro-CT scanners are able to perform X-ray imaging of core sub-samples from 10 to 500 times higher resolution than macro-CT scanners, known as medical CT scanners. Scan resolution is generally guided by the size of the sample, so the smaller the sample, the higher the resolution.

    A 25-micrometer resolution sub-sample scan (a standard test plug) is being used in the sample selection process for sophisticated reservoir-condition flow studies.

    Small features (e.g., micro fractures, small vugs, anomalies, etc.) are hard to visualize with macro-CT imaging but are captured well with micro-CT scanners. Primarily, these scans are used as an advanced screening tool for high-value testing. However, scan data bring extraordinary value for quantifying varying phases in plug samples (e.g., salt crystal locations, location of asphaltene, distribution of fluids, etc.) for assessment of their impacts on porosity, permeability and flow behavior. Fracture propagation as a result of increasing vertical stress on rocks also can be visualized.

    LOTUS-NDT Micro-CT scans at higher pore-scale resolutions help resolve features as small as 1 micrometer. Image acquisition and segmentation at such resolutions aid in grain and pore system characterization. When consolidated with appropriate and extensive physical measurements, petrophysical data such as permeability, capillary pressure and electrical properties are quantified. Confidence in modeling petrophysical data is improved using models calibrated to laboratory measurements. Imaging and quantification of these properties also are ideal for friable to unconsolidated samples and large-sized drill cuttings or when core recovery is poor. The rock-based digital physically constrained models provide data that correlate well to conventional core analyses.

For buy or more information contact us:

via Phone via Service Request Form